Agriculture And Industry
Economy of the district is based on the Agriculture crops and 80% population of the district is engaged in Agriculture. Sri Muktsar Sahib is situated in the cotton belt of Punjab. Paddy, Wheat, Sugarcane, Oilseeds, Pulses and vegetables are also cultivated in this area.
The net sown area in the district was 242989 ha. The number of farming families in this district was 31135 out of which 845 were marginal, 2394 were small, 7237 were semi medium, 13377 were medium and 7282 were large. The average size of operational holding in the district was 7.04 ha as compared to 4.03 in Punjab. The soils of the district were generally low to medium in N & P and sufficient in K. The detailed fertility analysis showed that 43% soils were low in nitrogen, and 40 % soils were medium and 17% were high. In case of Phosphorous availability, 35% soils were low and 53% soils were medium. The area under irrigation in the district was 90%. The major source of irrigation was canal (85%) and the rest was with the tube wells (15%) only 40% area of the district had underground water fit for irrigation. Whereas the 42% water was marginal which needed some amendments like addition of Gypsum, mixing with canal water & green manuring of the field irrigated with the canal water. The remaining 18% area had underground water which was not fit for irrigation.
The major area (91%) was under agricultural crops. Horticulture, fodder and forest occupied 1.5%, 6% and 1.5% areas respectively. The prominent cropping systems were Cotton, Wheat, and Paddy Wheat. Wheat, Cotton and Rice were major crops which occupied 87%, 45.02%, 42.02% areas of gross cropped area respectively. Whereas, Moong, Guara, Groundnut, Barley and Oil Seeds were the minor crops which were collectively grown in less than 3% area. The cropping intensity was 179%.
The SWOT analysis of data showed that the block wise cropping intensity varied from 179% to 183%. The maximum cropping intensity was in Sri Muktsar Sahib (183%) followed by Malout (182%) whereas minimum was in Lambi Block (178%) which was closely followed by Gidderbaha Block (179%). This was because the soils of Sri Muktsar Sahib and Malout were relatively more fertile with higher percentage of good quality underground water. Gidderbaha and Lambi Blocks had moderate quality of water which led to decline in cropping intensity. Among the agricultural crops during kharif, cotton was the prominent crop which occupied 105000 ha area in this district which was about 17.6% of the state’s area under cotton. The next major Kharif crop was paddy with an area of 98000 ha which was 3.7% of the area of the state under paddy. The average yield of different crops varied from block to block. Horticulture and vegetables had occupied 1.5% area while Kinnow, Ber & Gauva were the other fruit crops grown in this district.
In the Distt. Sri Muktsar Sahib following scheme are in progress for the benefits for the farmers:
1. Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yozana (R.K.V.Y) Scheme :- according to this scheme employees of different department trained for survey. With the help of trained employees survey completes successfully in the whole distt Sri Muktsar Sahib. According to survey a. C-DAP prepared and sent to pameti Ludhiana.
2. Agriculture Technology Management Agency (ATMA) Scheme: - Under this scheme so many camps arranged by the different department of the distt. And show the demonstration of different crops. Exposer visit of the farmer arranged in the state and out of state to adopt new technique of agriculture.
To increase income of the farmer they advised for self help group of male and female farmer.
3. Sir Ratan Tata Trust (S.R.T.T) :- This scheme also working for the farmer on cotton crop to increase the yield of cotton. Field scout also helping the farmer to control over the insect and pest on cotton crop.
4. ISOPAM: - This scheme also working for the progress of farmers and show demonstrations in the field, issue spray pump, pipes on the subsidy to the farmers.
Agriculture department is working to provide good service to the farmers.
By leveling land using Laser Land Leveler (Computer Karaha), , a lot of water will be saved.
Pollutions can be controlled by using Rotta Vetar after paddy harvesting season.
Rs. 1000-1500 per hectare will be saved by using Zero-Till(0-Till) machine.
Giving information to Farmers about the insects in field.
Rs. 20,000/ subsidy give by agriculture department to farmers on Straw-ripper machine.
Sri Muktsar Sahib district came up on the Map of Punjab on 7-11-1995. Economy of the distt is based on the Agriculture. Therefore most of the industrial units have been established based on Agriculture crops & allied activities .i.e. Rice Milling, Cotton, Ginning & Pressing, Mustard Oils, Wheat Flour etc. Sri Muktsar Sahib is famous for Sri Muktsar Sahib Jutti, similarly Gidderbaha is famous for Naswar in India. Other main industrial product s of the district are manufacturing of Agriculture implements , Bricks, Marble product, Washing Soap, Fertilizers, Ice, Biscuit & Bakery product, Confectionary, Candles, Fabrication work, i.e Gates & Grills.
There are two Focal Point in the district developed by PSIEC. One Focal point At Sri Muktsar Sahib comprising 300 industrial plots and another Focal Point at Malout comprising 400 industrial plot.
There are four Large and Medium Scale units in the district. The bio data of these units is given blow:-